Facility Types

Facility Types

The following definitions and terminology are taken from the 2012 American Association of State and Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO).

Bike Boulevard

» A segment of street, or series of contiguous street segments, that has been modified to accommodate through-bicycle traffic and minimize through-motor traffic.

» Another common term for a bicycle boulevard is a Neighborhood Greenway.

Paved Shoulder

» The portion of the roadway contiguous with the traveled way that accommodates stopped vehicles, emergency use, and lateral support of sub-base, base, and surface courses. Shoulders, where paved, are often used by bicyclists.

Shared Use Path

» A bikeway physically separated from motor vehicle traffic by an open space or barrier, either within the highway right of way or an independent right of way.

» Shared use paths also may be used by pedestrians, skaters, wheelchair users, joggers, and other non-motorized users.

» Most shared use paths are designed for two-way travel. Its minimum width is 10 feet.

» It is separated from vehicular traffic either by a barrier or a minimum lateral separation of 5 feet.

Protected Bike Lane

» On-street bike lane with some kind of protection from moving vehicles.

» Protection could come from bollards, parked cars, planters, or curbs.

Buffered Bike Lane

» A bicycle lane accompanied by a designated buffer space, separating the bicycle lane from the adjacent travel lane.

Traditional Bike Lane

» A portion of roadway that has been designated for preferential or exclusive use by bicyclists with pavement markings and signs, if used.

» It is intended for one-way travel, usually in the same direction as the adjacent traffic lane (unless designed as a contra-flow lane).



» A pavement marking symbol that assists bicyclists with lateral positioning in lanes too narrow for a motor vehicle and a bicycle to travel side-by-side within the same traffic lane.


Bike Route

» A segment of road designated by a jurisdiction having authority with appropriate directional and informational markers but without striping, signing and pavement markings for the preferential or exclusive use of bicyclists.

» Not a specific facility but merely a designation; however, they are essential in encouraging continued travel between other major bicycle facilities



» That portion of a street or highway right of way, beyond the curb or edge of roadway pavement, which is intended for use by pedestrians.


Bus Routes

» Services provided on a repetitive, fixed schedule basis along a specific route with rubber-tired passenger vehicles stopping to pick up and deliver passengers to specific locations; each fixed route trip serves the same origins and destinations.

» Vehicles may be powered by diesel, gasoline, battery, or alternative fuel engines contained within the vehicle.

» This definition does not include demand responsive and vanpool services.